Cape Coast - City of Education and History
Cape Coast is now the capital of the Central Region. In the early colonial period, however, it served the British as the capital of the entire Gold Coast Colony. The heritage of the western imprint is still strong and Cape is probably the "westernmost" city in the country. In addition to the nearby tourist highlights such as Cape Coast Castle, Elmina or Kakum National Park, the fact that numerous NGOs have settled here is that you meet Europeans here much more often than in other corners of the country. With a population of just under 170,000, Cape Coast is definitely a big city but still quite cozy. Especially in the center with the tourist attractions, good restaurants and extensive shopping facilities including the market, everything is quite close to each other and so the city is easy to explore on foot.
In addition to the main attraction – Cape Coast Castle – it is also worth visiting Fort William on Dawson's Hill. It was built in 1820 with the name Smith's Tower, but was rebuilt in the 1830s and used as a lighthouse under a new name. From up here you have a completely different view of the city. A little curious here is that some rooms of the tower are probably also inhabited and you pass on the way to the highest point on clotheslines (sometimes laundry is also for drying on the still existing cannons) and people pass during the brushing of teeth.
The history of the city is impressive. Initially it was a small fishing village until the Portuguese settled here on their exploration trips on the West African coast and called the place "Cabo Corso" (short cape), from which the current name derives. As a result, the town developed into an important trading center and a city, which in its history was also under Dutch, Swedish and Danish influence before the British finally took root here. Among those, Cape Coast also became the "educational capital", a reputation that it has received to this day because important local people were trained here. Out of this tradition, a university or Cape Coast Polytechnic was founded in Cape. In particular the training of teachers has always played a very important role here.